Content: The second stage of a classical school is the Dialectic or Logic stage (grades 7-9). In this stage, students are taught formal logic in 8th grade and informal logic in the 9th grade. The focus is on helping students to develop their use of inductive and deductive reasoning and to teach them how to order their thoughts, analyze arguments, and detect logical fallacies. Logic curriculum developed specifically for use with students of this age is used at Redeemer. These "core" courses are taught with an emphasis on building upon information obtained in the grammar level as an operative base and are taught in addition to the appropriate math, language arts, science, and other subject areas for this age level.
Logic is the science and art of reasoning well. At RCCS, we teach how to avoid committing fallacies and argue our positions with factual and properly structured arguments. Because God is truth, we must worship him thinking correctly about Him. Because God is truth, we must reason with the world in accord with his truthful character. To accomplish this, we study the proper structure of reasoning, formal logic, and we study the appropriate content of reasoning, informal logic.
In Math, students have two track options to follow that is determined at the end of 6th grade:
- Standard: Pre-Algebra, Algebra I, Geometry, Algebra II, Trigonometry & Statistics and Pre-Calculus
- Advanced: Algebra I, Geometry, Algebra II, Trigonometry & Statistics, Pre-Calculus and Calculus
In the 9th grade, students begin their official foreign language studies. RCCS requires that all students complete 3 years of Latin. Latin is a fundamental subject in classical schools. As they learn Latin, students are reinforcing their knowledge of English grammar and vocabulary.
Latin is a language from which many others are branches. The languages Italian, Spanish, Romanian and Portuguese all come from the mother tongue of Latin. English gets 60% of its words from either Greek or Latin. In addition, Latin is a tool to more greatly understand our own English grammar. Through the process of turning English to Latin, and Latin to English one must master the world of nouns, adjectives, verbs, direct objects, and subjects. In short, through the master of the Latin language we understand our own language and others.
Seventh and eighth grade students receive a year-long course in computer applications. In our state-of-the-art computer lab, they learn keyboarding, word processing, data management, and presentation software skills, primarily using Microsoft Office tools.
Life Science, Physical Science, and Biology are studied in the 7th, 8th, and 9th grades, repsectively. In science, students apply lecture material in the student lab and develop their own laboratory research projects.
Logic stage students are given a strong foundation in the Bible. In 7th and 8th grades, students are given an Old Testament Survey and a New Testament Survey course, respectively.
Utilizing a humanities approach, the literature, music, art, philosophy, and theology related to a historical time period under study are examined as follows:
- 7th grade - U.S. History
- 8th grade - Geography
- 9th grade - Ancient Civilizations
Logic level English courses expand students' knowledge of grammar, vocabulary, writing mechanics, composition, and creative writing. They are required to read a number of major literary works related to their study of history/geography each year and are taught to analyze the worldview of the author and main characters.
In addition to the major subject areas mentioned above, the students extend their knowledge in a variety of special topic areas as well. All students take courses in art and music each year. Physical education is taught twice per week in grades 7 and 8.
Methodology: Classical educators emphasize the inter-relationship of all knowledge. At Redeemer, we believe there are real standards of beauty, truth, and goodness. We seek to read great books, "classics," which contain great ideas for their shaping influence. Guided discussion groups and informal debate are techniques that are frequently employed across subjects in order for students to discover principles and make connections. The Logic stage students are learning to answer the questions of "how" and "why". Throughout this stage, teaching methodologies that sharpen students' critical thinking skills are employed. Students are taught to write response papers in a variety of content areas. They also learn to research a topic exhaustively, examining and integrating primary sources. All Logic students are given systematic training in study skills and classical roots to assist in their scholarly development.